An agent to change field values to help in #XPages

With our transition to XPages, I’ve been finding more and more often that I don’t have a form interface in the Notes client to just change one field value on the back end. Too often, on the front end, in XPages, there’s a value I simply haven’t exposed for editing or don’t even display. I often don’t add the fields to the back end Notes form because it really doesn’t add much value. So, when I want to change one field, or change one field on multiple documents, I do it with an agent. Heck, over the years, we all have. We just usually did it in a very static manner – writing a quick @formula to change the value of a specific field. That requires changing the design to create the agent and then delete the agent – or leaving a mess behind that slowly grows your agent list with more and more single-use agents.

So, I wrote an agent that allowed me to replace a text field by naming the field and the value. Then, I found I wanted one for numbers as well. So, for a few weeks, I had two agents. Then, I realized the folly and wrote an agent that detects the field being updated (or asking you if the field doesn’t exist). I only did it for text, numbers and dates, so I imagine it could be extended. It’s enough for me. Since I had occasion to share it this week with another developer, I thought I’d also post it here to share via the blogosphere.

While there’s nothing brilliant about it, it sure is useful.

	Agent Change Field Value
	Created Jun 19, 2015 by David Navarre/DAI
	Description: This Agent allows the user to name a field and change the value
		It checks the field type on the first document selected and
		handles strings, numbers and dates differently
Option Public
Option Declare
Use "Utilities"
Dim ws As NotesUIWorkspace
Dim newDate As NotesDateTime
Dim newvalue As Variant
Dim fieldname As Variant
Dim change As String
Sub Initialize
	Dim session As New NotesSession
	' thisdb declared in Utilities '
	Dim ndc As NotesDocumentCollection
	Dim itemdoc As NotesDocument
	Dim itemToChange As NotesItem
	Dim numericValue As Double
	Dim itemType As Long
	Dim selectedType (2) As String
	Dim choice As Variant
	Dim reason As String

	On Error GoTo errorhandler

	Set ws = New NotesUIWorkspace
	Set thisdb = session.CurrentDatabase

	selectedType (0) = "Date"
	selectedType (1) = "Text"
	selectedType (2) = "Numbers"

	Call StartAgentLogging (session )

	fieldname = ws.Prompt ( PROMPT_OKCANCELEDIT, "Field Name", "Enter the name of the field to change" )
	If IsEmpty ( fieldname ) Then
		Exit Sub
	End If

	newvalue = ws.Prompt ( PROMPT_OKCANCELEDIT, fieldname, "Enter the new value for " & fieldname )
	If IsEmpty ( newvalue ) Then
		Exit Sub
	End If

	' get the collection before issuing the confirmation, so we can determine field type '
	' from the first document selected, assuming it is the same on the rest '
	Set ndc = thisdb.UnprocessedDocuments
	Set itemdoc = ndc.GetFirstDocument
	Call agentLog.LogAction ( "Items: " & ndc.Count )

	If ( itemdoc.Hasitem(fieldname) ) Then
		Set itemToChange = itemdoc.Getfirstitem(fieldname)
		itemType = itemToChange.Type
		choice = ws.Prompt(PROMPT_OKCANCELLIST, "Select field type", "Field " & fieldname & " does not exist on the first document. Select field type to create", "Text", selectedType )
		If IsEmpty ( choice ) Then
			MessageBox "Action cancelled"
			Exit Sub
		End If
		Select Case choice
		Case "Date"
			itemType = 1024
		Case "Text"
			itemType = 1280
		Case "Number"
			itemType = 768
		End Select
	End If	

	If Confirm ( itemType ) Then
		While Not itemdoc Is Nothing
			Select Case itemType
			Case 1024  ' DATETIMES '
				Call itemdoc.ReplaceItemValue ( fieldname, newDate )
			Case 1280  ' TEXT '
				Call itemdoc.ReplaceItemValue ( fieldname, newValue )
			Case 768  ' NUMBERS '
				' if the value supplied is an integer, save it that way '
				If ( CInt ( CDbl ( newValue ) ) = CInt ( newValue ) ) Then
					Call itemdoc.ReplaceItemValue ( fieldname, CInt ( newValue ) )
					Call itemdoc.ReplaceItemValue ( fieldname, CDbl ( newValue ) )
				End If
			End Select

			Call agentLog.LogAction ( change )
			Call itemdoc.Save ( True, False )

			Set itemdoc = ndc.GetNextDocument ( itemdoc )
		MessageBox change & Chr$(10) & "Successful on " & ndc.Count & " documents"
	End If

	Call agentLog.LogAction ( "-------" )
	Call agentLog.LogAction ( "-------" )
	Exit Sub
errorhandler:' report all errors in a messagebox '
	reason = "Error #" & CStr (Err) & " (" & Error & ") on line " & CStr (Erl)
	MessageBox reason, 16, "Error"
	Call agentLog.LogAction ( reason )
	Resume exiting

End Sub
	Function ConfirmValue
	Description: This function displays a confirmation dialog based on the field type
Function Confirm ( itemType As Long ) As Boolean

	Select Case itemType
		Case 1024  ' DATETIMES '
			Set newDate = New NotesDateTime ( newValue )
			change = "Change date in " & fieldname & " to " & newDate.Dateonly
		Case 1280  ' TEXT '
			change = "Change text in " & fieldname & " to " & newValue
		Case 768  ' NUMBERS '
			change = "Change number in " & fieldname & " to " & newValue
		Case 1  ' RICHTEXT '
			Confirm = False
			MessageBox "Cannot change rich text using this agent"
			Exit Function
		Case Else
			Confirm = False
			MessageBox "Cannot change " & fieldname & " using this agent" & Chr$(10) & "Field type: " & itemType
			Exit Function
	End Select 

	Confirm = ws.Prompt ( PROMPT_YESNO, "Confirmation", change & "?" )

End Function

Oh, and the relevant snippet of the Utilities script library….

    Library Utilities
    Created Mar 29, 2012 by David Navarre/DAI
    Description: Some database utilities
Option Public
Option Declare

Dim thisdb As NotesDatabase
Dim agentLog As NotesLog
Sub Initialize

End Sub

Sub StartAgentLogging ( session As NotesSession )
    ' this module starts agent logging '
    ' 29 Mar 12, David Navarre '
    Dim title As String
    Dim agent As NotesAgent

    Set agentLog = session.CreateLog ("Agent log")
    Set agent = session.Currentagent
    Call agentLog.OpenAgentLog
    Call agentLog.LogAction ( "Log Open" )

End Sub
Categories: Old Notes, Utilities | Tags: , , , , , | 2 Comments

Using the namePicker from the Extension Library in #XPages

One of the things that always seemed weak to me about my Domino web implementations was the selection and display of names. Now that XPages turns our work into the creation of actual web pages, the tools available are so much better and extend the flexibility of Notes development into the 21st century.

OK, saying “21st century” doesn’t sound as cool now that we’re halfway through the second decade, but since so much of what I’d done looked like it was designed in 1995, getting out of 20th century web development is a big step for me!

There are two control types from the Extension Library that are relevant here: the Dojo Name Text Box and the Name Picker.

The Dojo Name Text Box gives us that modern, Facebook-style name display, including a little “x” to delete the name from the list:


The Name Picker is very flexible. In my code example, I wanted users to be able to select from a view in the database, from the corporate NAB or, if they’re using XPiNC, from their personal address book. One of the nice thing about the picker is that if you supply multiple dataProviders, it provides a picklist of those choices, but if you only supply one (or if only one is ‘loaded’) then it doesn’t display the picklist of address books, allowing the user to just use the one NAB you’ve set as a dataProvider. It’s nice when you don’t have to tell the control the obvious things.

When you are setting up the namePicker, you need to select your dataProvider(s). There are three types (beanNamePicker, dominoNABNamePicker and dominoViewNamePicker) and the aggregator for using multiple providers (namePickerAggregator). As you can see in the example, if you choose the aggregator, you then identify your dataProviders inside that aggregator.

The dominoNABNamePicker is likely the one that’s most used, so also has a few pre-set configuration choices. While there are six parameters you could use, you can choose just to use two: addressBookSel and nameList.

  • For addressBookSel, you’re choosing between broad options: all, all-public, all-private, first, first-public, or db-name. Because our environment includes an address book for non-staff folks, I didn’t choose either all or all-public, which would have included that address book. So, I went with db-name, which allows you to specify the database name. The broader categories will work for you if you don’t have the requirement to leave out one of the address books.
  • For nameList, you also get some choices that are functional and make things easy for you: people, peopleByLastName, groups, or peopleAndGroups. This overrides two of the other parameters – groups and people, who are both boolean values. Using people as the nameList value returns people by first name, which can be a little annoying if you have thousands of choices, so it’s nice that peopleByLastName has beeen added.
  • The addressBookDb parameter only matters if you’ve selected db-name as the addressBookSel value. In my case, when the user is accessing our database in XPiNC on the local replica, their personal address book is names.nsf and the corporate one is minnames.nsf, so I’m doing a little trickery to give them all the options. I suppose I could have specified the corporate NAB and then used all-private to get to the personal address book, but I didn’t think of that first.
  • The loaded parameter is the most powerful one here for me, since it would allow me to provide the user more or fewer choices based on a formula. In this instance, the choice is only based on which client they’re using, but I could imagine basing it on roles, on values on the document or any variety of other things.
  • As mentioned above, the boolean values for groups and people are overridden by the value of nameList, so I’d avoid using them. Confusion is the likely result.

I was especially happy that using a view within the existing database in the namePicker was so simple. All I had to do was create a view that had the values I wanted in the first column, sorted ascending (I assume descending works as well, but that would be user-unfriendly). The dominoViewNamePicker is simple – really you only need to specify the databaseName and viewName. My samples view was in the same database, but you can point it elsewhere. There is a loaded parameter for your use and you can choose a label for the pick list when using multiple dataProviders.

							<xe:djextNameTextBox id="approversNameTextBox" value="#{deliverableDoc.Approvers}">
							<xe:namePicker id="approversNamePicker" for="approversNameTextBox" listHeight="300px" listWidth="150px"
								pickerText="Click to select technical approver" rendered="#{javascript:deliverableDoc.isEditable();}">
											<xe:dominoViewNamePicker label="Contacts" viewName="ContactsNotesName">
											<xe:dominoNABNamePicker nameList="people" addressBookSel="db-name" addressBookDb="names.nsf">
											<xe:dominoNABNamePicker nameList="people" addressBookSel="db-name" addressBookDb="minnames.nsf">
												<xe:this.loaded><![CDATA[${javascript:@ClientType() == "Notes";}]]></xe:this.loaded>

Unfortunately, I know very little about beans, so I’ll leave discussion of that to someone else, or to a future post if I can follow Russ Maher’s example and get into using Beans wherever they’re useful. The more tools you have in the box, the quicker and more flexibly you can get your work done.

Categories: Extension Library, Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Configurable notification agent in #OldNotes

Shockingly, when I arrived at my current company, they had basically NO scheduled agents at all. Apparently, someone had decided long ago that scheduled agents were dangerous, that they would overwhelm and crash the servers. So, whenever anything was done, it was done manually. This even extended to user notifications. That is, if I submitted a document for approval, there was some formula language that would populate a new notification message in the client and the user would fill in any extra details before clicking send. I was shocked. As I’ve modified designs, I’ve been adding background notifications and also scheduled agents. Our main project management database, which our field offices use copies of to manage their projects, hasn’t been mine to modify, since it’s already working and there is a team that customizes the design for each field office.

As we’ve been delving further into XPages and as I’ve been spreading the good word about scheduled agents and notifications, we’re now finally putting them into those project management databases. One hurdle though. Our admin team has, quite rightly, limited who can sign agents that will run on production servers.


Now, I’ve designed dozens or even hundreds of notification and reminder agents in many databases over the decades, but I always designed them from scratch, customizing it to the particular database and the particular recipients. I’d created a basic one and Ariwan Susey, who’s really coming up to speed on LotusScript and XPages, modified it for use in that project management database. This was nice, and Virginia Tauss had started creating copies of it, customized for each notice type. However, every time someone made a change to the half-dozen agents, I had to sign them. Since they were customized for their particular database and the particular recipients, this meant that eventually, I might spend all day signing agents instead of writing code.

Since the agents were almost the same, except for what view they used and who received the message, I realized that if I created a basic agent, they could use configuration documents to customize as many notices as they wanted and I’d never have to sign that configurable agent again!

Configuration Choices

There were a few basic things I knew would be different between each notification: the view, the recipients, the subject, the server to run on and the time to run. After creating some tests, I also realized that I wanted to emulate the scheduling choices of agents themselves and allow the user to select weekly or monthly notifications instead of just daily. I also remembered that sometimes, they would want to mark the document after they sent the notice, so I made that a configuration choice as well. Based on my recent experience in my Excel series (part 1, part 2, and the sample database) and with full-text queries, I realized we could use those full-text queries in these notifications as well.

So, here’s my form:

AutoNotify Configuration

Since I’ve been fiddling with DXL editing of forms lately, let me include the DXL for that third row for your review. The right cell contains a table for displaying the weekday or day of the month choices, with the hide-whens appropriately.

	<tablecell><par def='4'>Day(s) to run:</par></tablecell>
		<par def='5'>
			<field borderstyle='none' lookupeachchar='false' lookupaddressonrefresh='false'
			type='keyword' kind='editable' name='frequency'>
				<keywords helperbutton='false' recalconchange='true' columns='3' ui='radiobutton'>
		<table leftmargin='0' widthtype='fixedleft' refwidth='2.5000in'>
			<tablecolumn width='1in'/><tablecolumn width='1.5000in'/>
				<tablecell valign='center' borderwidth='0px'>
					<pardef id='6' spacebefore='1.5' keepwithnext='true' keeptogether='true'>
						<code event='hidewhen'><formula>frequency != "Weekly"</formula></code>
					<par def='6'>Day of week: </par>
				<tablecell valign='center' borderwidth='0px'>
					<pardef id='7' spacebefore='1.5' keepwithnext='true' keeptogether='true'>
						<code event='hidewhen'><formula>frequency != "Weekly"</formula></code>
					<par def='7'>
						<field usenotesstyle='false' height='0.2500in' width='1in' multiline='true'
						borderstyle='none' lookupeachchar='false' lookupaddressonrefresh='false'
						type='keyword' kind='editable' name='weekdayToRun'>
							<keywords helperbutton='false' columns='1' ui='combobox'>
				<tablecell valign='center' borderwidth='0px'>
					<pardef id='8' keepwithnext='true' keeptogether='true'>
						<code event='hidewhen'><formula>frequency != "Monthly"</formula></code>
					<par def='8'>Day of month:</par>
				<tablecell valign='center' borderwidth='0px'>
					<pardef id='9' keepwithnext='true' keeptogether='true'>
						<code event='hidewhen'><formula>frequency != "Monthly"</formula></code>
					<par def='9'>
						<field type='number' kind='editable' name='monthdayToRun'>
							<numberformat format='general' digits='2' punctuated='false' parens='false' percent='false'
							<code event='defaultvalue'><formula>1</formula></code>
							<code event='inputvalidation'><formula>@If ( frequency != "Monthly"; @Success; @ThisValue > 1 
								& @ThisValue < 29; @Success; @Failure ( "Must be in the first 28 days of the month"))</formula>
		<pardef id='10' keepwithnext='true' keeptogether='true'>
			<code event='hidewhen'><formula>frequency != "Monthly"</formula></code>
		<par def='10'><run><font size='1pt'/></run></par>

As I use the source view more in XPages, I get more and more comfortable with just editing code, and checking appearances occasionally. While I have only done a little of that in forms, I have used it several times in views. When I created this form, my initial design of it was done by creating a single in the normal designer form, then saving it, and re-opening it in DXL. Then I added several fields to a form with cut-and-paste for field names. Using the properties boxes just seemed like it would take so much longer – after all, I had the field names in my notepad already.

The Agent

Our agent is set to run hourly, on every server. If there are no autoNotify documents, it doesn’t do anything, but if there are, it checks each one for whether it runs on that server, on that day and at that hour.

Sub Initialize
Dim session As New NotesSession
' thisdb is declared in my utilities library, so not declared here '
Dim autoNotifyView As NotesView
Dim autoNotifyDoc As NotesDocument
Dim serverToRunOn As Variant
Dim hourToRun As Variant
Dim frequency As Variant
Dim weekdayToRun As Variant
Dim monthdayToRun As Variant
Dim noticeName As Variant
Dim hourNow As Integer
Dim weekdayToday As Integer
Dim monthdayToday As Integer
Dim reason As String

On Error GoTo errorhandler

Set thisdb = session.Currentdatabase
Call StartAgentLogging ( session )

Dim serverName As New NotesName ( thisdb.Server )

' get view of autonotify documents '
Set autoNotifyView = thisdb.Getview("AutoNotify")
Set autoNotifyDoc = autoNotifyView.Getfirstdocument()

While Not autoNotifyDoc Is Nothing
	' check server to run on '
	serverToRunOn = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("serverToRunOn")
	If ( Ucase ( serverToRunOn (0) ) = Ucase ( serverName.Common ) ) Then
		' check frequency and day '
		frequency = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("frequency")
		weekdayToRun = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("weekdayToRun")
		If ( weekdayToRun (0) = "" ) Then
			weekdayToRun (0) = "0"
		End If
		weekdayToday = Weekday ( Today )
		monthdayToRun = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("monthdayToRun")
		monthdayToday = Day ( Today )
		If ( frequency (0) = "Daily" or ( frequency (0) = "Weekly" And CInt (weekdayToRun (0)) = weekdayToday ) Or ( frequency (0) = "Weekly" And CInt ( monthdayToRun (0) ) = monthdayToday ) ) Then
			' check hour to run '
			hourToRun = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("schedule")
			hourNow = Hour (Now)
			If ( CInt ( hourToRun (0) ) = hourNow ) Then
				noticeName = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("NoticeName")
				If ( sendNotices ( autoNotifyDoc ) ) Then
					Call agentLog.LogAction ( noticeName (0) & " sent")
					Call agentLog.LogAction ( noticeName (0) & " FAILED")
				End If
			End If
		End If
	End If

	Set autoNotifyDoc = autoNotifyView.Getnextdocument(autoNotifyDoc)
Call agentLog.LogAction ( "Completed" )

	Exit Sub
errorhandler:' report all errors in a messagebox '
	reason = "Error #" & CStr (Err) & " (" & Error & ") on line " & CStr (Erl)
	MessageBox reason, 16, "Error"
	Call agentLog.LogAction ( reason )
	Resume exiting ' transfers control to the exiting label

End Sub

The actual notification builds off the values from the configuration document. At MWLUG, speakers recommended making sure to use functions instead of subroutines, partly because functions return a value and partly for forward compatible with other programming languages. So, my sendNotices function is a boolean, indicating success or failure.

The simplest, yet most powerful part of the script is the application of the querystring. By using that, I could create dozens of notifications from a single view, saving myself disk space by avoiding unnecessary view indices.

Ariwan’s great contribution to the basic agent that made it so useful in this configurable design was the use of columnvalues. The agent simply spits out the contents of the view, populating the message with the details of the document regardless of which fields are used. I’d never thought of doing that!

You’ll notice that in the loop, we get a handle to the nextdoc before processing. If the document would be removed from the view by marking one of the fields “Yes” and saving the document, we need to already have a handle to the next document. If we don’t do that, the view won’t be able to find the next document by referring to the current document, as it has no position in the view any more.

Now, since I want each notification to be processed even if I encounter some errors, I added error-handling in the function as well. If I had not, an error would bubble up to the Initialize routine and stop my agent. This way, it only stops that particular notification, but continues to the next one.

Function sendNotices ( autoNotifyDoc As NotesDocument ) As Boolean
Dim viewName As Variant
Dim recipientGroup As Variant
Dim subjectLine As Variant
Dim introText As Variant
Dim queryString As Variant
Dim flagField As Variant

Dim workingView As NotesView
Dim workingCollection As NotesDocumentCollection
Dim doc As NotesDocument
Dim nextdoc As NotesDocument
Dim memo As NotesDocument
Dim body As NotesRichTextItem
Dim reason As String
Dim count As Integer

sendNotices = false

' get viewName '
viewName = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue( "viewName" )
Set workingView = thisdb.Getview ( viewName (0) )
' apply query string, if there is one '
queryString = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue( "queryString" )
If ( queryString (0)<> "" ) Then
	Call workingView.Ftsearch(queryString(0), 0)
End If

Set doc = workingView.Getfirstdocument()

count = 0

Set memo = thisdb.Createdocument()
Set body = memo.Createrichtextitem(&quot;Body&quot;)
memo.Principal = thisdb.Title

' copy the introductory text from the autoNotify document into the email '
introText = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue( "introText" )
Call body.Appendtext ( introText(0) )
Call body.Addnewline(2)

While Not doc Is Nothing
	Set nextdoc = workingView.Getnextdocument(doc)
	count = count + 1
	Call body.Appendtext( CStr ( count ) & "." )
	Call body.Addtab(1)
	ForAll thing In doc.Columnvalues
		If ( IsArray ( thing ) ) Then
			Call body.Appendtext( Implode (thing, ", " ) )
			Call body.Appendtext( thing )    
		End If
		Call body.Addtab(1)
	End ForAll
	Call body.Appenddoclink(doc, "Open the doc", "Link")
	Call body.Addnewline(1)

	' if field to mark, then modify field and save doc '
	flagField = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue( "flagField" )
	If ( Trim ( flagField (0) ) <> "" ) Then
		Call agentLog.LogAction ( flagField (0) & " field #" & CStr ( count ) )
		Call doc.ReplaceItemValue ( flagField (0), "Yes" )
		Call doc.Save ( True, False )
	End If

	Set doc = nextdoc


subjectLine = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue( "subjectLine" )
memo.Subject = CStr (count) & " " & subjectLine (0)
recipientGroup = autoNotifyDoc.Getitemvalue("recipientGroup" )
Call memo.Send(False, DetermineKeyword ( recipientGroup(0)) )

sendNotices = True

	Exit Function
errorhandler:' report all errors in a messagebox '
	reason = "Error #" & CStr (Err) & " (" & Error & ") on line " & CStr (Erl)
	MessageBox reason, 16, "Error"
	Call agentLog.LogAction ( reason )
	Resume exiting ' transfers control to the exiting label '

End Function

It’s not quite perfect because if the server is down, it won’t run the notification later. I might take that into account in a future version, since many our project servers are in locations where power may not always be 24×7. Similarly, if someone puts too many notifications to run at the same time, the agent could time out, failing to run all of them.

Hopefully, this exercise proves useful to someone else. I can’t believe I spent more than a decade constantly re-writing the same code when I could have saved myself considerable time by just creating a customizable, reusable piece of code back in the day. Live and learn!


ThingFailsTurns out there was a bug in the code. The simple loop through the columnValues didn’t take into account multi-value fields. So, when the agent ran on a view with a document that had multiple values, it was trying to print a variant as text. So, I added a simple check for IsArray and imploded the multi-value field to build a comma-delimited string. That avoids the type mismatch that our script was throwing when it found those multi-value fields as shown at right in the debugger.

Categories: Old Notes, Utilities | Tags: , , , , | 1 Comment

Exporting to Excel using Queries in #Xpages

In Paul Calhoun’s Jump Start presentation (JMP101) at IBM Connect, he was talking about using Apache POI for exporting data to Excel. I’d gotten interested when he spoke about this before, which led me to developing my own two-part posting on exporting data to Excel without having Excel (part 1, part 2). What intrigued me was his discussion of both selected documents and ad hoc queries of Notes views. My immediate thought was that I could enhance capabilty and avoid the creation of multiple new views by configuring new exports for the users via queries of our own. Once I have that working, I’ll look at allowing the users to select documents and then, perhaps, allow ad hoc queries entered by users. It’s not that I don’t want to provide the capability, I just want to be cautious about it.

In our implementation, I’ve got our development team configuring reports for the users in documents, with the end users having no real-time input into the contents of the report. The thing I’d most like to change is to move the document selection from the view selection formula into those configuration documents.

Writing a Query

The first hurdle that I have is that despite 20 years of Notes development experience, I’ve never written a full-text query. I don’t usually access databases as an end user, so it never really comes up for me. Way back in the day, when I was at Exxon-Mobil, there were some full-text indexes and queries, but as the most junior developer on the staff, I never needed to be involved in designing the interface for that or in explaining how it worked. So, here in 2014, I’ve got to learn the syntax so we can create some pre-configured queries for our users.

I found the search operators help document relatively easily. While I don’t know SQL queries either, I was hoping that it would use the same syntax so that learning this would be useful later, so that getting help from outside our community would be easy and so that people from outside (including my end users) would be able to use it easily as well. At first glance, I thought they were similar, with CAPITALIZED words and logical operators (AND, OR, etc), but the similarity ends very quickly. The Notes search query is not at all like SQL queries.

Description and examples
Where operator works
CONTAINScontains= Requires that the field before it must contain the text after it. There should be spaces between ‘CONTAINS’ and words surrounding it.Example

[Projectname] CONTAINS top secret

Finds documents whose Projectname field contains the words ‘top secret.’

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
IS PRESENT Requires that the field before it must be non-blank. There should be spaces between ‘IS PRESENT’ and words surrounding it. This operator can be used to find all documents that do (or do not) contain a value in a particular field.Example

[Subject] IS PRESENT

Finds documents whose Subject field is non-blank.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
field fieldnameFIELD fieldname[fieldname] (use square brackets) Means ‘search this field.’ You must specify the field to search by using its field name.ExampleEach of the following are equivalent ways to find documents whose Projectname field contains the phrase top secret:

FIELD Projectname CONTAINS top secret

field Projectname CONTAINS top secret

[Projectname] CONTAINS top secret

Note Notes stores file attachments in the $FILE field.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – No
Web view/domain – Yes, but in view searches only
( ) [parentheses] Determines the order in which sections of your query are processed. A part of the query enclosed in parentheses will be processed before parts outside the parentheses.Example

(FIELD Projectname CONTAINS top secret OR FIELD Title CONTAINS tuna) AND (Field body CONTAINS cat OR Field revdate > 01/01/2004)

Return documents whose Projectname field contains the words ‘top secret’ or whose title field contains the word ‘tuna’; and either the body field contains the word cat or the revdate field contains a date greater than 01/01/2004.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – No
Web view/domain – Yes
andAND& Finds documents containing all the conditions or words linked by AND.Example

cat AND dog AND fish

Finds documents containing all three of these words.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes except ‘&’ does not work
orOR|ACCRUE, (comma) Finds documents containing either of the conditions or words and returns them ranked by number of appearances in the document.Example

cat OR dog OR fish

Finds documents containing at least one of these words.

Note ACCRUE works slightly better than OR when sorting results by relevance.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes
NOTnot! Excludes documents containing the term that appears after the operator.ExamplesYou can put NOT between words:

  • cat AND NOT dog
    Finds documents containing the word cat, but not if they also contain the word dog.
  • (cat OR dog) AND NOT (fish OR frogs)
    Finds documents containing the word cat or dog, but not if they also contain the word fish or frog.
  • (cat AND dog) AND NOT fish
    Finds documents containing the words cat and dog, but not if they also contain the word fish.

You can put NOT before any field name:

  • NOT [Projectname] CONTAINS top secret
    Finds documents whose Projectname field does not contain the words ‘top secret.’

You cannot put NOT after the math symbols =, <, >, <=, or >=; and before a date or number:

  • [date1] = NOT 12/25/2002
    is not an appropriate query.
Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes
” “ Requires that only documents containing the exact phrase are returned. Placing double quotes around operators (like AND, OR, CONTAINS etc.) allows them to be read as normal words.Example

“rock and roll”

Finds documents containing the phrase rock and roll.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes
PARAGRAPHparagraph Finds documents in which the words surrounding PARAGRAPH are in the same paragraph, and ranks them by how close they are.Example

car PARAGRAPH wheels

Finds documents in which ‘car’ and ‘wheels’ appear in the same paragraph and ranks them by how close the words are within the paragraph.

Notes view – Yes(If the application’s full-text index has been created with the “Index sentence and paragraph breaks” option selected. For more information, see Full-text index options.)
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
SENTENCEsentence Finds documents in which the words surrounding SENTENCE are in the same sentence, and ranks them by how close they are.Example

car SENTENCE wheels

Finds documents in which ‘car’ and ‘wheels’ appear in the same sentence and ranks them by how close the words are within the sentence.

Notes view – Yes(If the application’s full-text index has been created with the “Index sentence and paragraph breaks” option selected. For more information, see Full-text index options.)Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
? A wildcard that can represent any single letter. It does not work with dates or numbers.Examples


Finds documents containing bone, cone, done, gone (and any other four-letter words that end with ‘one’)


Finds documents containing stack, clock, stick, truck; rack, rick, rock

Notes view -Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes
* A wildcard that can represent any extension of letters. It does not work with dates or numbers.Examples


Finds documents containing bone, cone, clone, crone, done, drone, gone, telephone (and any other words of any length that end with ‘one’).



Finds documents containing bone, cone, clone, lonely, phoned, stoned, pardoned.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes
TERMWEIGHTtermweight Gives importance, or “weight,” to search words. You can use any value from 0 through 65537 to assign weight.Example

TERMWEIGHT 25 photo or TERMWEIGHT 75 audio or TERMWEIGHT 50 video

Finds documents containing at least one of the words. ‘Audio’ is most important, ‘video’ is next, and ‘photo’ is least important. Notes ranks results accordingly. You need an AND or OR between first TERMWEIGHT and subsequent ones.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
EXACTCASEexactcase Search for the exact case of the word sepcified after the operator.Example

exactcase Apple

Finds documents containing ‘Apple,’ but not ‘APPLE’ or ‘apple.’

Notes view – Yes(If the application’s full-text index has been created with the “Enabled case sensitive searches” option selected. For more information, see Full-text index options.)Notes domain – NoWeb view/domain – No
= (equal)< (less than)> (greater than)<= (less than or equal)>= (greater than or equal) Search for numbers or dates in numeric or date fields only.Example

FIELD date1<12/25/98

Finds documents whose ‘date1’ field contains any date before 12/25/98.

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – No
– (hyphen) Finds documents with the hyphenated word pair.Example


Finds documents containing “full-text.”

Notes view – Yes
Notes domain – Yes
Web view/domain – Yes


What? An intermission? Yeah, well, I started this post DURING IBM Connect in January. When I got back and tried to implement using query strings in my sample database, I crashed the development server 4 times in a row. The server was still on 8.5.3 and my need for query strings was not high. Fortunately, I’m on vacation at the beach as I write this. Yes, during a week of gorgeous weather in the Outer Banks of North Carolina, I am reading Mastering XPages and adding an entry to my blog. Some people read trashy novels at the beach, but I follow the example of Montgomery Scott and read technical manuals. Ok, so back to the topic….

Coding the call

Passing the query string from our report configuration documents to our function really isn’t that hard. I worried a lot about those crashes, so I started coding defensively, though I didn’t go so far as to add a try-catch block into the code. That will likely be inserted in the next version (after all, I expect to return to this as I get more savvy with POI’s Excel tools).

All we have to change in our code is to pull both the query string and sort column name from the report configuration document and append those string values to our function call.

	var queryString = doc.getItemValue("QueryString");
    var sortColumn = doc.getItemValue("SortColumnName");
	postValidationError(control,"queryString length: " + queryString.length );
	if ( queryString.length == 0 ) {
	if ( queryString == null ) {
		postValidationError(control,"queryString null");
	} else {
		if ( queryString [0] == "" ) {
			postValidationError(control,"queryString empty");
		} else {

Applying the QueryString

Now, all we have to do is insert the query into our Excel sheet creation function. It’s actually very simple, as FTSearch and FTSearchSorted both modify the view object. You can simply drop the code in anywhere after you get a handle to the view and before you start processing documents.

Interestingly, after you apply either FTSearch or FTSearchSorted, the view remains sorted in original view order ONLY if the database is not full-text indexed, otherwise, it is sorted by relevance. In FTSearchSorted, you can override either behavior by selecting one column to sort instead (ascending or descending, of course). FTSearchSorted also allows you to use either a single query or a vector of queries.

Both methods return an integer count of the number of documents found by the search, so, in my code below, I simply return if there are no documents found. Yes, it ought to be fancied up, but I want to get this code out, so functionality is all I’m after today (There is Provencal rose’ chilling in the refrigerator, after all.) Here’s our code:

    //apply the queryString
    postValidationError(control,"Entries: " + myview.getEntryCount());
    if ( queryString != "" ) {
         postValidationError(control,"Sort Column: " + sortColumn);
        // max number of documents return is set as myview.getEntryCount() so that all view entries could be returned
        // default sort order is ascending
        var docCount = myview.FTSearchSorted(queryString,myview.getEntryCount(),sortColumn);
        postValidationError(control,"Query: " + queryString);
        postValidationError(control,"Query count: " + docCount);
        if ( docCount == 0) return;
    postValidationError(control,"Queried view entry count: " + myview.getEntryCount());

Syntax for FTSearchSorted

FTSearchSorted(query:string) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:string, maxdocs:int) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:string, maxdocs:int, column:string) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:string, maxdocs:int, column:string, ascending:boolean, exact:boolean, variants:boolean, fuzzy:boolean) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:string, maxdocs:int, column:int) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:string, maxdocs:int, column:int, ascending:boolean, exact:boolean, variants:boolean, fuzzy:boolean) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector, maxdocs:int) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector, maxdocs:int, column:string) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector, maxdocs:int, column:string, ascending:boolean, exact:boolean, variants:boolean, fuzzy:boolean) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector, maxdocs:int, column:int) : int

FTSearchSorted(query:java.util.Vector, maxdocs:int, column:int, ascending:boolean, exact:boolean, variants:boolean, fuzzy:boolean) : int

Parameter Description
query The full-text query or the intersection of multiple queries. See below for the query syntax.
maxdocs The maximum number of documents you want returned from the search. If you want to receive all documents that match the query, specify 0. Defaults to 0.
column The name or 0-based index of a sorted column. A specification of NotesView.VIEW_FTSS_RELEVANCE_ORDER (512) returns results in relevance order while honoring the use of the extended flags for exact case, variants, and fuzzy search.
ascending Sorts column data in ascending order if true, descending order if false. Defaults to true. Ignored if NotesView.VIEW_FTSS_RELEVANCE_ORDER is in effect.

The availability of a column to be sorted in ascending or descending order is determined by “Click on column header to sort” on the Sorting tab of the column properties. The relevant options are Ascending, Descending, and Both. Trying to sort a column in an unsupported direction throws an exception.

exact Applies exact case to the search if true. Defaults to false.
variants Returns word variants in the search results if true. Defaults to false.
fuzzy Returns misspelled words in the search results if true. Defaults to false.


So, using the code above, you should be able to create report configurations that produce sorted Excel sheets to any device. My favorite is to create on on my Motorola Xoom tablet and show people data from our databases right there. I’ll keep working on this because I’m sure I will need to sort in multiple columns. I know that if I put each of the entries into an array list, I could use multi-value sorting from Java, so I might pursue that.

I’ve updated the file on dropbox.

Categories: Server-Side Javascript, Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , , , , , | 3 Comments

Preventing users from opening a document in Notes

As we prepare our pilot of our XPage application, I was reminded that sometimes users might find a way to open a document in the Notes client when we don’t really want them to. While the odds are against them getting to a view or to a Notes document, no system is idiot-proof (idiots are absolutely genius sometimes!) So, I dug out an old script that I’d written back during my time at FAA to prevent users from accidentally opening a Notes database when they should be opening it only via the browser.

So, the users in question need to be able to update the documents, but I want them to do it in XPiNC or in the browser. That means, I can’t go using readernames fields to hide the documents from them and I know that hiding views (either via not including them in an outline or by naming convention) isn’t necessarily going to prevent them from opening my views.

Basically, all we do is check for their roles and if they have the right one, we let them in. Otherwise, they get warned off. I could add some script to this to open the document in the proper XPage, but this is a bare-bones version to help you get started if you have this kind of need.

Sub Queryopen(Source As Notesuidocument, Mode As Integer, Isnewdoc As Variant, Continue As Variant)
Dim session As New NotesSession
Dim db As NotesDatabase
Dim doc As NotesDocument
Dim formName As Variant
Dim OKtoOpen As Boolean
Dim roles As Variant

Set db = session.CurrentDatabase
roles = db.QueryAccessRoles(session.UserName)

Set doc = Source.Document
formName = doc.GetItemValue ( "Form" )

OKtoOpen = False

Forall URoles In roles
	If Ucase(URoles) = "[ADMIN]" Then
		OKtoOpen = True
	End If
End Forall

If OKtoOpen = False Then
	Continue = False
	Messagebox "You are not authorized to access " & formName(0) & " documents via the Notes Client!",48, "Access Error"
End If
End Sub

While I was at it, I also wrote another version to be used to keep users out if they accidentally opened it on the backup or development servers. (Yes, I know production databases don’t belong on development servers, but it has happened here and, I am sure, other places).

Sub Queryopen(Source As Notesuidocument, Mode As Integer, Isnewdoc As Variant, Continue As Variant)
	Dim ws As New NotesUIWorkspace
	Dim session As New NotesSession
	Dim db As NotesDatabase
	Dim appsdb As NotesDatabase
	Dim doc As NotesDocument
	Dim appsdoc As NotesDocument
	Dim serverName As New NotesName ( "" )
	Dim dontOpenServers (1) As String

	dontOpenServers (0) = "DominoDev"
	dontOpenServers (1) = "Backup"

	Set db = session.CurrentDatabase
	Set serverName = New NotesName ( db.Server )

	Forall badServer In dontOpenServers
		If serverName.Common = badServer Then
			Continue = False
			Messagebox "You are attempting to open this document on " & serverName.Common & Chr$(10) & "Trying to open the document on MAIN",48, "Wrong Server"
			Set doc = Source.Document
			Set appsdb = New NotesDatabase ( "MAIN/COMPANY", db.FilePath )
			' if that didn't open it, try again
			If Not ( appsdb.IsOpen ) Then
				Call appsdb.Open ( "MAIN/COMPANY", db.FilePath )
			End If
			' if that didn't open it, try by replicaID
			If Not ( appsdb.IsOpen ) Then
				Call appsdb.OpenByReplicaID ( "MAIN/COMPANY", db.ReplicaID )
			End If
			If Not ( appsdb.IsOpen ) Then
				Messagebox "Could not open the MAIN/COMPANY replica of the database, trying local replica",48, "Failed"
				Call appsdb.OpenByReplicaID ( "", db.ReplicaID )
			End If
			If ( apps1db.IsOpen ) Then
				Set appsdoc = apps1db.GetDocumentByUNID ( doc.UniversalID )
				If Not ( appsdoc Is Nothing ) Then
					Call ws.EditDocument ( False, appsdoc )
					Messagebox "Opened the database, but could not open the document",48, "Failed"
				End If
				Messagebox "Could not open the local replica of the database either",48, "Failed"
			End If
		End If
	End Forall
End Sub

These QueryOpens could be placed on individual forms or on subforms that are on those forms. You could put a version in the PostOpen event of the database script, though you have to keep in mind that the PostOpen doesn’t run if the user opens a document via a document link instead of opening a view or the database itself. Come to think of it, I will be putting a version in the PostOpen to prevent unauthorized users from opening the database, but have it quietly open the XPiNC page I want them to open.

I thought about putting this in my Security category, but it’s not really about security. It’s mostly about making sure the user gets the proper experience, by using production replicas or the correct client.

Hope you found something interesting here!

Categories: Old Notes, Utilities | Tags: , , , , , , | 5 Comments

Sample database for #Excel exporting from #XPages

Folks had asked if I could provide a sample database beyond just the coding examples I’d provided (part 1 and part 2), so I got ready to upload one. Then, I thought, “I bet I can add full-text searching to that real easily.” Unfortunately, I hit snag after snag on adding the full-text searching, so I decided I’d post what I have working.

When I do finish up the full-text search capability, I will not only write about how I coded that, but update the sample database as well. Until then, enjoy the sample!

Categories: Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , | 7 Comments

Copying design elements via script in #XPages

One of my first posts was about copying a view from one database to many using XPages. Well, as I was surfing the help documents to learn more about FTSearch in order to extend the capabilities of my Excel exporting capabilty, I found createNoteCollection.

createNoteCollection can be used to create a collection of all notes in a Notes database. That is, not just Notes documents, but all Notes design elements. Not only that, but you can quickly choose what kind of notes you want in your note collection. While there are boolean parameters for each type of note you might want, I am most intrigued by the combination ones, which allow you to select by category.

selectAllAdminNotes (ACL and replication formulas)
selectAllCodeElements (agents, database script, outlines, script libaries and misc code elemnts)
selectAllDataNotes (documents AND profile documents)
selectAllDesignElements (code, format, index, help, icons and shared fields)
selectAllFormatElements (actions, forms, framesets, image resources, java resources, misc format elements, pages, style sheets and subforms)
selectAllIndexElements (folders, misc index elements, navigators and views)
selectAllNotes (everything)

So, once you create  your note collection, then you can walk the collection using getFirstNoteID and getNextNoteID, accessing each design element (or document). Then, using NotesDatabase.getDocumentByID to get a handle to it as a NotesDocument, so you can use NotesDocument.CopyToDatabase to copy the design element across to the new database.

var db:NotesDatabase=database;
var notecollection:NotesNoteCollection=db.createNoteCollection();
var noteID:String=notecollection.getFirstNoteID();
var note:NotesDocument;
var nextNote:NotesDocument;
while ( noteID != null ) {
	if ( note != null ) {

Now, it is a little blunt to grab all design elements and copy them from one database to another. One problem is that you are certain to have some duplication of design elements and I’m sure that will create problems. I know that I was able to have two identically named views in my original post, so I didn’t copy the view if it already existed in the destination database. So, you might want to create collections in both databases and compare the design notes t0o make sure not to create duplicates (either by deleting the one in the destination database first or simply not copying the new one in).

Categories: Old Notes, Server-Side Javascript, Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , , | Leave a comment

Java still not refreshing correctly in #XPages 8.5.3 UP 1

You know, I had started on a post on the great power of comparing design elements, but all I’d written so far was:

With the move to an Eclipse-based Domino Designer Environment, there was at least one significant improvement – the native ability to compare design elements.

I was a big fan of TeamStudio‘s Delta, since I often needed to compare versions of my designs either to document the changes I’d made or, in rare circumstances, do a little troubleshooting to see where I’d accidentally screwed up my designs. It was a great tool, with a lot of smarts about how to report on the designs and it even allowed you to compare documents. They have, of course, updated Delta to provide more capability than is native in Notes – allowing graphical display of design differences rather than just code variances. That said, I don’t have a current license, so I’m using the native tools.

In one of my hotter posts, I’d noted that Java is not behaving well in my environment. The basic behavior is that I’d make changes to my template, do a build and then, when I refreshed the design on the server, things would not refresh properly in Java. In the last few days, the behavior has become very consistent. For some reason, it plagues Mark Leusink‘s DebugToolbar, which is an excellent tool that works fine when my environment behaves.

Basically, the end-user experience of the problem was that, every once in a while, without code changes to the DebugToolbar, I’d start getting Error 500’s that it could not find that class. So, I started to get in the habit of checking in the WebContent/WEB-INF/classes folders using the Navigator view in my designer client to see if the classes were all there.

When builds worked, it would create the DebugToolbar and Message classes, plus the three private classes within DebugToolbar (FieldComparable, FileInfo and MethodComparable). When things didn’t work, sometimes it wouldn’t create the two main classes. Refreshing the design on the server again would never repair it. It would often create 2 or 3 additional copies of each of the private classes, appending what looks like a UNID to the class name. Those tend to have file sizes like -1kb.

Bad Class List

This started in August, as I was making changes to some other Java files. I never changed DebugToolbar, but it would often get corrupted. It settled down as my Java changes ended. I went on vacation for two weeks (Avignon!) and returned to a stable environment. Of course, no one had touched the Java while I was gone and I saw no need until a few weeks ago to make any changes myself.

Now, I had also updated to v3.01 of the DebugToolbar and moved all my Java files into Code/Java from the WebContent/WEB-INF/src folder so that access to them was simpler. However, having been back and forth between versions and back and forth with where the code was stored, I think I can eliminate those as independent problem sources.

Nonetheless, I can consistently see the extra classes and error 500s every time I refresh the design. Deleting the bad classes doesn’t solve anything. Replacing all the class files with the ones from the template also doesn’t work.

If I build the database on the server, the problem goes away.

I’ve been getting frustrated. This might work for me if I’m the only one who makes changes, since the Bethesda server is always a few short hops from me. However, as I may have mentioned before, I work for a very global-oriented company and sometimes our developers are out at project sites where connectivity is slow on good days. Quite frankly, doing a build on the Bethesda server while sitting in Jalalabad is never going to finish in an acceptable time frame. One can build a local template quickly and refresh design far faster.

Fortunately, today I got a new clue.dojo complaint

I started to wonder about corrupt files or problems with the server. So, I created a completely blank file and applied my template (which showed the 5 class files, named normally) to that file. The class files get all corrupted. So, I created a blank file and built as a template from my template. It got corrupt files and also didn’t work as template after building (the same result in the class files). Then, I decided to copy over design elements ad paste them into a blank file. I did a build and got some errors because I’d forgotten to copy over all the libraries and other files hidden under WEB-INF. So, I decided to compare the two databases so I could see what I needed to copy still. Then, I looked at the Java files produced by the XPage builds, just it showed up in the differences between the files and I was shocked. The design on the one I was ‘creating from scratch’ showed all kinds of old versions.

In each of the ‘old’ builds, the Java file created for the XPage would have super(“8.5.3”); but, as shown above, my cut-and-paste built ones would have various complaints, naming other versions and usually with a comment on why. The different line displayed would usually be one of the following:


super("8.5.2"); // version of xp:view dojoForm

super("8.5.2"); // version of xp:eventHandler disableValidators

super("8.5.1"); // version of xp:eventHandler script

I’d never have noticed if I wasn’t using Compare To Each Other. Now, I need to reinstall Notes and see if the problem goes away or continues. I had Ariwan try and it only worked once for him – and I had to rebuild it on the server – so my hopes are not real high. Since Eric Tomenga has submitted a PMR on the issue, we’re hoping some IBM minds add to my few readers in trying to puzzle out why this is happening.


Categories: IDE, Java, Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Multi-value Sorting in #Java

I’ve been working on trying to figure out how to sorting Notes views on-the-fly as we’re exporting to Excel and my first thought was, “Oh, that will be in the POI documentation.” I assumed that there would be a simple function in the Apache POI documentation for XSSF to sort rows and that it would also allow us to do multiple column sorts, just like we can manually in Excel. Apparently, doing this is not high on the POI team’s list of tasks.

So, after coming up dry on POI, then on Stack Overflow, I decided to check the interwebs to see what I could find. Sorting collections in Java is actually not all that hard. There are built-in functions for it, so all you have to do is issue a Collections.sort(myObject). Where it gets interesting is in how you compare the objects in the collection.

In order to determine order within the collection, all you have to do is create an integer function within the class named compareTo. Then, it will sort them based on the result returned (comparing one object at to another, not jumping six or seven places at once). So, it you want to sort on multiple values, you return them in reverse order of significance. For example, if I want to sort based on Department, then roll number, then name, I would use the following code:

if ( alphaDepartment == 0 ) {
	if ( rolldifference == 0 ) {
		return alphaName;
	return rolldifference;
return alphaDepartment;

When the Department does not match, we return the Department order. If Department matches, we check roll number, returning the difference if it does not match. Finally, if both Department and roll number matched, we return the name order. The bulk of the work is in setting up your compareTo. While this one is hard-coded, I’m sure we’ll be able to figure out how to use variables to identify which value we want to use in our own sorting.

(I’ve dispensed with listing the setters, as they are not needed in this example.)
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

@SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked" })
public class Student implements Comparable {

	private String name;
	private String rollNumber;
	private String department;

	// Constructor for the class
	public Student(String name,String rollNumber,String department){
		this.name = name;
		this.rollNumber = rollNumber;
		this.department = department;
	public String toString() {
		return name + ", " + rollNumber + ", " + department;
	public String getName() {
		return this.name;
	public String getRollNumber() {
		return rollNumber;
	public String getDepartment() {
		return this.department;

	//This Function is responsible for sorting.
	public int compareTo(Object student1) {
		if (!(student1 instanceof Student))
			throw new ClassCastException("A Student object expected.");

		Student studentInput = (Student) student1;
		String thisname = this.getName();
		String thatname = studentInput.getName();
		int alphaName = thisname.compareTo(thatname);

		int rollNumb = Integer.parseInt(studentInput.getRollNumber());
		int hostObjrollNumb = Integer.parseInt(this.getRollNumber());
		int rolldifference = hostObjrollNumb - rollNumb;

		String thisDepartment = this.getDepartment();
		String thatDepartment = studentInput.getDepartment();
		int alphaDepartment = thisDepartment.compareTo(thatDepartment);

		if ( alphaDepartment == 0 ) {
			if ( rolldifference == 0 ) {
				return alphaName;
			return rolldifference;
		return alphaDepartment;

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		List<Student> studentList = new ArrayList<Student>();

		//Create our Student objects
		Student s1 = new Student("Tom","3","CS");
		Student s2 = new Student("Jerry","1","Electronics");
		Student s3 = new Student("Merry","4","IT");
		Student s4 = new Student("Tom","2","IT");
		Student s5 = new Student("Jerry","5","IT");
		Student s6 = new Student("Merry","6","Electronics");
		Student s7 = new Student("Tom","1","CS");
		Student s8 = new Student("Jerry","2","IT");
		Student s9 = new Student("Merry","3","Electronics");

		//Add Students to our ArrayList


		//The actual sort command

		System.out.println("\nThe student list in ascending sequence is:\n");
		for (Student person : studentList) {

As you can see, I included the data in the Java code, since I’m trying to keep it simple. When we move forward to trying this with either the Excel sheet we’ve produced or the data before we export it to Excel, things will be more complicated. Nonetheless, I am enthused about the start I’ve made here.

There are few places that were key in helping me understand this AND from which I borrowed much of the code. On Stack Overflow, there was a question about sorting a multi-dimensional array that got me started (I’ve submitted a correction to the OP’s self-answer, since his self-answer doesn’t actually work.) While that taught me some things, none of that code appeared here. The Student object and my first exposure to how compareTo functioned came in a post on sorting a list in ascending order in Java. Other pages had mentioned compareTo, but it made more sense when I saw it there. The final, clear understanding came with sorting a collection containing user-defined objects, which thankfully also made clear to me how to loop the output properly.

Categories: Java, Utilities | Tags: , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Puzzling behaviour of Java class files in design refreshes in #xpages

This is not a post in which I’m able to dispense some knowledge I’ve gained, but, rather, one in which I share my befuddlement by some of the new things I’m dealing with in XPages.

We have a database suite originally designed for us by Scott Good, Henry Newberry and the good folks at Teamwork Solutions. It’s based off their brilliant Process It! workflow Notes solution. In the original design, they used version 1.3 of Mark Leusink’s Debug Toolbar. Since version 3.01 is now available on OpenNTF, I decided to upgrade. One of the advantages of the upgrade is that now the code resides in Code/Java, accessible more directly from the Designer client than it was when it had to be stored in WebContent/WEB-INF/src. For me, this is far more convenient, since I can see more properties directly (especially about prohibiting design refresh).

Nonetheless, I seem to be having troubles.

I updated the design, then did a clean and a build on my template. Then, I refreshed design on the server copy from the template. At first, it seemed like it wouldn’t bring the built .class files over to the server copy from my template. Now, when I do a design refresh, it “horks” the five files, reducing them all to -1 bytes. If I do a clean & build on the server copy, the files get their expected size.

I believe my classpath is correct, as it builds them properly when I tell it to build in either the template or on the server.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<classpathentry kind="src" path="Local"/>
<classpathentry kind="con" path="org.eclipse.jdt.launching.JRE_CONTAINER"/>
<classpathentry kind="con" path="org.eclipse.pde.core.requiredPlugins"/>
<classpathentry kind="output" path="WebContent/WEB-INF/classes"/>
<classpathentry kind="src" path="Code/Java"/>

In the ACL, this ID has Manager rights, including for creating LotusScript and Java agents. I’ve signed all the files in Code/Java with this ID. I build it with this ID. I conduct the design refresh with the same ID and those same rights.

Does anyone have any ideas what I might be doing wrong that’s inhibiting the class files from refreshing with the rest of the design?

There are two Stack Overflow questions that deal with this directly:

Class files not being created after refresh from template?

XPages Java corruption issue

One of my co-workers did open the design to check the binding for one field, which must have corrupted the files once. That doesn’t explain all the instances, but it helps. This straddles the line between a reason to use templates (so no one even glances at the design in production) and reason not to use templates (because it’s forced me to do builds on production since template changes only produce corrupt class files). Interestingly, it’s only the Debug Toolbar class files that have the problem – the Teamwork Solution ones haven’t corrupted.

Update: It gets worse. I tried building on the local replica so that I could do it quickly, then replicate the class files up to the server. No luck. It overwrites the local files with the corrupted ones from the server.

Categories: IDE, Java, Utilities, Xpages | Tags: , , , , , , | 3 Comments

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